Begin with the chicken. Pat dry with paper towels and season liberally with salt and pepper.
Add oil to a hot medium skillet with high sides. Allow to get hot over medium heat, then add the chicken skin side down. You might have to fiddle with your chicken to ensure it does not stick. Cook on the first side 5 minutes, or until deeply browned. Flip and cook another 3 minutes or so. Remove onto a plate and set aside.
Turn the heat down to medium low. Add your onions, carrots, celery, and jalapeno. Cook and sweat the veggies for 6-7 minutes, stirring frequently. You want the veggies to develop a deep brown fond at the bottom of the pan.
Add garlic powder and cayenne. Mix together and keep on low.
Meanwhile, microwave 6 cups of water until warm in a glass measuring cup. When warm, add boullion and stir to combine. Add 1 tablespoon of soy sauce. Set aside.
Add wine to the vegetables and cook off the alcohol for 2 minutes. Add boullion stock that you just made, stir together.
Add bay leaves to the soup. Slice 3 slices of lemon rind off of your lemon that you will juice later. Be sure to cut as close as you can to the yellow outside, as the white pith can be bitter. Add lemon rinds to the soup.
Add your sliced baby potatoes to the soup at this stage, as you do not want them falling apart. Add chicken back to the pot too.
Bring soup to a boil and reduce to a low simmer for 25-30 minutes, until the chicken is cooked through and tender. When cooked through, remove to a plate and set aside to cool.
After the chicken is out, add your cabbage. After about 5-10 minutes, shred your chicken and add it back to the soup.
Allow soup to bubble all together for about 5 minutes. Off the heat, add the juice of the lemon you zested earlier.
Pick out the bay leaves and lemon rind. Serve soup in a bowl with a garnish of fresh chives.
Note: You do NOT need to add any additional salt to this dish! You want to season the chicken before cooking, but that it is. Bouillon is very salty as is soy sauce, and that is plenty of salt for the whole soup.